Kilimanjaro, by any name, is a metaphor for the compelling beauty of East Africa. When you see it, you understand why. Not only is this the highest peak on the African continent; it is also the tallest free-standing mountain in the world, rising in breathtaking isolation from the surrounding coastal clubland – elevation around 900 metes – to an imperious 5,895 meters (19,336 feet).The Big Trip: 8 New Africa Adventures
Across Africa: Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro
Across Africa: Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro
Wild safaris, bushwhacking treks, cultural close encounters—the new trend on the ancient continent is Africa as it was.
Climb the Scenic RouteNearly 90 percent of Mount Kilimanjaro climbers stick to the Marangu route. This five-day round-trip to the 19,340-foot summit has become so popular that locals have dubbed it "the Coca-Cola trail" (said beverage is hawked from huts along the way). To bring an edge back to Africa’s highest peak, Abercrombie & Kent (which first led clients to the top in 1966) has launched its new Extreme Adventure Kilimanjaro climb—a nine-day trek on the Lemosho Route, the longest and remotest traverse. Armed rangers escort hikers through Arusha National Park, a little-visited gem of forests, moorlands, and volcanic crater lakes sprawled in the mountain’s shadow. "We may be pioneers of bush luxury, but adventure is how we define ourselves," says founder and CEO Geoffrey Kent. True to this split personality, A&K provides a gourmet chef, a personal porter for each climber, and a walk-in mess tent with table dining. The ascent is gradual, as much for acclimatization as for taking in the mountain’s unique ecology in the company of expert guides. But lest you be lulled by the high-end touches, remember: The trip is rated "severe" on the challenge scale, so only the confident (and fit) need apply ($2,525 per person;
Kilimanjaro, with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, is a dormant volcanic mountain in Kilimanjaro National Park,Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Tanzania, the highest mountain in Africa, and the highest free-standing mountain in the world at 5,895 metres or 19,341 feet above sea level (the Uhuru Peak/Kibo Peak)
The origin of the name "Kilimanjaro" is not precisely known, but a number of theories exist. European explorers had adopted the name by 1860 and reported that "Kilimanjaro" was the mountain's Kiswahili name. But according to the 1907 edition of The Nuttall Encyclopædia, the name of the mountain was "Kilima-Njaro".
Johann Ludwig Krapf wrote in 1860 that Swahilis along the coast called the mountain "Kilimanjaro". Although he did not support his claim,he claimed that "Kilimanjaro" meant either "mountain of greatness" or "mountain of caravans". Under the latter meaning, "Kilima" meant "mountain" and "Jaro" possibly meant "caravans"
According to one [Wachagga] informant, the old men tell the story that long ago the Wachagga, having seen the snowy dome, decided to go up to investigate; naturally, they did not get very far. Hence the name: kilemanjaare, or kilemanyaro, or possibly kilelemanjaare etc.- "which defeats," or which is impossible for, the bird, the leopard, or the caravan. This is attractive as being entirely made up of [Wachagga] elements based on an imaginable situation, but the fact remains that the name Kilimanjaro is not, and apparently never has been, current among the Wachagga as the name of the mountain. Is this then only, as other Wachagga suggest, a latter-day attempt to find a [Wachagga] explanation when pressed to do so by a foreign enquirer? Is it perhaps arguable that the early porters from the coast hearing the Wachagga say kilemanjaare or kilemajyaro, meaning simply that it was impossible to climb the mountain, imagined this to be the name of the mountain, and associated it with their own kilima? Did they then report to the European leaders of the expedition that the name of the mountain was, their version of the Kichagga, which, further assimilated by the European hearer, finally became standardized as Kilimanjaro
Another feature of the forests of Kilimanjaro is the absence of a bamboo zone, which occurs on all other tall mountains in East Africa with a similarly high rainfall. Sinarundinaria alpina stands are favored by elephants and African buffalos elsewhere. On Kilimanjaro these mega herbivores occur on the northern slopes, where it is too dry for a large bamboo zone to develop. They are excluded from the wet southern slope forests by topography and humans, who have cultivated the foothills for at least 2000 years
Kilimanjaro Climbing Prices.
There are seven official trekking routes by which to ascend and descend Mount Kilimanjaro: Lemosho, Machame, Marangu, Mweka, Rongai, Shira, and Umbwe.Of all the routes, Machame is considered the most scenic, albeit steeper, route.It can be done in six or seven days.he Rongai is the easiest and least scenic of all camping routes.The Marangu is also relatively easy, but this route tends to be very busy, the ascent and descent routes are the same, and accommodation is in shared huts with all other climbers.